Cats may be born blind or it may occur as a result of disease, trauma, dietary deficiency due or exposure to certain drugs/toxins. It may occur suddenly or over a period of weeks or months. There are a number of conditions which can lead to blindness in cats including:
- Cataracts (opacity of the lens)
- Glaucoma (increase in fluid pressure in the eyeball)
- Uveitis (inflammation of the inner structures of the eye)
- Retinal diseases
- High blood pressure
- Lead poisoning
- Taurine deficiency
- Portosystemic shunt
- Corneal disease
- Untreated eye infections
- Certain medications
- Bumping into walls and furniture
- Unexplained vocalization
- General clumsiness (misjudging when jumping onto furniture)
- Changes to the appearance of the eyes, for example, cloudiness or dilated pupils
- Easily startled
- Cat walking in a crouched position closer to the ground, feeling with the nose and whiskers
- Personality changes may become more fearful or nervous
- Decreased or absent menace reflex, a test in which the veterinarian rapidly approaches the eye with his or fingers to see if the cat blinks
Caring For A Blind Cat
Cats adapt extremely well to a loss of vision and can continue to thrive and enjoy a good quality of life. However, precautions must be taken to keep your cat safe and well.
- Blind cats should not be allowed to roam outdoors.
- Avoid moving furniture around, same goes for litter trays and food bowls.
- Avoid startling your cat with sudden noises. Talk to your cat when entering a room.
- Keep the floor clear of clutter.
- Keep high up windows and balconies out of bounds for your blind cat to prevent accidental falls.
- If you do move to a new location, confine the cat to one room initially, and then gradually introduce him to the rest of the house
- Make sure your cat has identification, if he does accidentally get out it will be hard for your cat to find his way home.
Blind cats can live a full and happy life. They adapt well to living without sight and make fantastic pets.
Article from: Cat-World © Copyright 2019